For anyone interested in the dynamics of the early Massachusetts Bay Colony settlers, check out Roger Thompson’s “Divided We Stand: Watertown, Massachusetts 1630 – 1680”
I have just finished reading it and was very impressed with the detail and insight into the every day lives of the settlers during the first 50 years of the towns existence.
Write Up From Book:
“Established in 1630, Watertown was among the original six towns of Massachusetts. Its early history was marked by frequent disputes, a penchant for questioning authority, and an atmosphere of tension and discord. In recounting the story of Watertown’s formative years, Roger Thompson examines how the community managed to avoid descending into anarchy. He also explores the ways in which English settlers preserved their habits of behavior in a new-world environment, even as they were obliged to innovate and embrace change.
Thompson describes Watertown’s early government, its relations with Native Americans and neighboring communities, its religious and economic affairs, and the day-to-day experiences of its people. Conflict occurred over a wide variety of issues: land allocation, administrative accountability, religious orthodoxy and exclusivity, generational and gender differences, livestock and fencing, haves and have-nots.
Thompson brings these disputes to life through a series of vivid case studies drawn from the unpublished Middlesex County Court Records. Among others, we meet John Sawin, who despite his best efforts at subterfuge was convicted of stealing and selling a neighbor’s horse; Susanna Woodward, whose pregnancy resulted in a fiercely contested paternity case; and Edward Sanders, whose punishment for child abuse was both a whipping and a ruling that when in public he must “wear a rope round his neck openly to be seen hanging down two feet.”
Throughout the book, the same themes reappear: continuity and change, the persistent conflicts of the first two generations, and the countervailing forces of communal cohesion.”
Roger Thompson himself teaches American studies at the University of East Anglia, England. He is also the author of Sex in Middlesex: Popular Mores in a Massachusetts County, 1649–1699, and Mobility and Migration: East Anglian Founders of New England, 1629–1640
The Garfield Connection:
While this book does not give any real new or useful information directly on our Garfield heritage, it does give us a great insight into how our first two generations, Edward and his children, would have lived along side their neighbors. It seems that the early Garfields must have been somewhere in the middle of society, not getting as much attention as the more notable members of the town or as the more notorious members of the town, but quietly going about their business and livelihoods.
The few mentions of the family appear from Joan Buckminster Garfield (Edward’s third wife), Joseph Garfield and his wife Sarah Gale.
Definitely a must read for history and genealogy lovers.